Category Archives: Prince – Princess

Rebel Princess: Mary Rose Tudor

Mary Tudor Queen of France

Mary, the baby of the Tudor Dynasty, was born on the 18thMarch 1496 at Richmond Palace.  She being the youngest child of King Henry VII and Elizabeth of York.

As a child, she was close to her brother, Henry, the future King Henry VIII.  She loved life, becoming the star of court, enjoying dancing and parties.

In 1507, the eleven-year-old Princess Mary was betrothed in an arranged marriage with the young Charles of Castile, the future Holy Roman Emperor.  Charles being the nephew of Mary’s sister-in-law, Catherine of Aragon. Changes in political alliances between European powers, meant the planned wedding of May 1514, was off.

Mary breathed a sigh of relief, not wanting to marry one, four years her junior.

On the 21stApril 1509, Henry VII her father dies, and her brother Henry becomes King Henry VIII of England.

Mary had developed a crush for the charming and attractive Charles Brandon, her brother’s best friend. In 1514, the nineteen-year-old princess had developed romantic feelings for Charles.

Cardinal Wolsey negotiated a peace treaty with France, which required Mary would marry King Louis XII of France.  An unhappy Mary, demanded of her brother, once the marriage was over, she would be free to marry one of her choice.

Henry loved his sister, and reluctantly agreed to her demands without question.

On the 9thOctober 1514, Mary married Louis XII of France, acquiring the title Queen Mary of France.  Her marriage was short lived, for Louis died on the 1stJanuary 1515.

Charles Brandon, the Duke of Suffolk married Mary Tudor, the Queen Dowager of France, secretly at the Palais de Cluny in France, much to the annoyance of Mary’s brother; King Henry VIII. On the 15thMay 1515, Mary and Charles were publicly married in a family service, and they had four children:

Henry Brandon           (1516-1522)

Frances Brandon       (1517-1559)

Eleanor Brandon        (1519-1547)

Henry Brandon           (1523-1534)

On the 25thJune 1533, Mary died at Westhorpe Hall in Suffolk.  The funeral took place on the 20thJuly 1533, when she was interred at Abbey Church, Bury St.Edmunds.

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My Life: Bonnie Prince Charlie

Bonnie Prince Charlie
Bonnie Prince Charlie

Bonnie Prince Charlie was born on the 31stDecember 1720 to James III of Scotland, in Rome, amidst great rejoicing, for Jacobites throughout Western Europe who looked to him to win back the throne for the Stuarts.

Europe became increasingly restless when Emperor Charles VI died in 1740. And tension mounted between Protestant England and Catholic Jacobean Scotland and France.  Charles’ ambition and desire for military success led him to plan an invasion of England, in order to capture the throne for his father, from George II.

After a brief period in France following a failed attempt to gain support, Prince Charles landed in Scotland on the 25thJuly 1745.  He quickly gained support from the Highlands and his army successfully fought General John Cape’s men.  After the victory at the Battle of Prestonpans, Charles and his army attempted to continue to London.  They were forced to retreat back to Scotland, after receiving reports of overwhelming armies prepared to defend the city.

Much against the Prince’s will, his supporters turned back at Derby.  Pursued by government forces, they won a victory at Falkirk but were finally crushed at the Battle of Culloden in 1746.

Charles was forced to spend the next five months as a hunted man.

Charles escaped from the field and after months of being hunted through the Western Highlands, managed to escape to France, spending the rest of his life in exile, sinking ever deeper into depression and alcoholism.  His late marriage in 1772 to the German Louise of Stalberg was childless, and she eventually left him.

After his father’s death, he styled himself in the image of Charles III, but by then all hope of a Jacobite restoration was lost.  He died on the 31stJanuary 1788.

Queen Victoria’s Children

 

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Queen Victoria and Prince Albert were to have nine children between 1840 and 1957, and most were married into other Royal Families across Europe, creating descendants all the way back to Queen Victoria herself.

Victoria, Princess Royal (1840-1901) married Frederick III Emperor of Germany and King of Prussia.

Edward VII (1841-1910) married Princess Alexandra, daughter of Christian IX King of Denmark.

Alice (1843-1878) married Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse.

Alfred Duke of Edinburgh and of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha(1844-1900) married Grand Duchess Marie daughter of Alexander II, Emperor of Russia.

Helena (1846-1923) married Christian of Schleswig-Holstein.

Louise (1848-1939) married John Campbell the 9thDuke of Argyll.

Arthur, Duke of Connaught (1850-1942) married Princess Louise of Prussia.

Leopold, Duke of Albany (1853-1884) married Helen of Waldeck – Pyrmont.

Princess Beatrice (1857-1944) married Henry of Battenburg.

When Europe was split apart by the First World War (1914-1918), it would see descendants of Victoria and Albert take up arms against each other.

Personal tragedy was to strike Queen Victoria down in 1861, when Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, Prince consort and her devoted partner for 21 years died, ripping her heart out, and sending her into mourning for many years.  From that day forth she only ever wore black.

If we look at the history timeline through the ages:

Queen Victoria’s son Edward VII (1841-1910) married Princess Alexandra of Denmark (1844-1925).

One of their five children, became George V (1865-1936) married Mary of Tech (1867-1953).

One of their six children, became Edward VIII King of England in 1936, as the eldest child, a time honoured custom, and chose to abdicate to marry Wallis Simpson.

So the next in line stepped forward, George VI (1895-1952) and married Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon (1900- 2002).

One of their two children, became Queen Elizabeth II our current Queen.

Queen Victoria’s daughter Alice (1843-1878) married Louis IV of Hesse (1837-1892)

One of their two children Victoria of Hesse (1863-1950) marries Louis of Battenburg, 1stMarquess of Milford Haven (1854-1921).

One of their three children, Alice of Battenburg (1885-1967) marries Andrew of Greece (1882-1944).

Their only child is Philip Duke of Edinburgh who married Elizabeth II our current Queen.

As we can see both are descendants of Queen Victoria, and the timeline ever expands with each new birth.

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Hanoverian Prince: Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

Prince Albert
Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

Prince Albert was born on the 26thAugust 1819 at Schloss Rosenau, Coburg, Germany.  His father was Francis Emanuel, Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, and his mother the Duchess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Attenburg. His family was linked with many of Europe’s leading monarch’s, so much so, that his godparents were; The Dowager Duchess of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, The Emperor of Austria, The Dukes of Gotha ans Saxe-Teschen and The Count Emanuel Mensdoroff-Pouilly.

The young prince studied languages and the arts, often described by those who knew him, that he be intelligent with an air of influence in his mannerism.  What else would one expect, from he who would one day leave his mark in Europe’s History?

In 1840 Albert and Victoria were married and in August of the same year Parliament passed the “Regency Act” designating him a Regent, should Victoria die before her first-born reaches the age of eighteen.

During her lifetime there were a number of unsuccessful assassination attempts on her life; Edward Oxford in 1840 was judged insane, and in May 1842 John Francis made two attempts, for which he was sentenced to death, but was later commuted to life in prison.

In 1843 Prince Albert became President of the Society of Arts.

In 1844 with Albert at the helm, he brought the royal household finances under control, enabling them to purchase Osborne House on the Isle of Wight.

It was Albert’s influence on Victoria which would see his wife take a greater interest in social welfare of this land.  This led to the 1847 Factory Act prohibiting women and children working long hours in factories.

Prince Albert’s early years were more as a husband, who looked after household affairs, leaving her to run the country.  All that changed after the death of Lord Melbourne in 1848, and Albert stepped up to be the Queen’s private secretary… later referred to as a King, but without the title.

In 1851 he was the mastermind behind the Great Exhibition held at Crystal Palace showing off our achievements to the world.  Profits received from the venture, saw the building of the Royal Albert Hall and museums in the South Kensington area in London.

In 1882 Albert stepped forward to modernise the army, after the death of the Duke of Wellington.  In the same year he acquired the freehold of Balmoral Castle, one much loved by Queen Victoria and our present Queen.

In 1854 Britain and France declared war on Russia: “The Crimean War”.   The conflict dragged on, as each of their soldiers were ill-equipped for such a war.  Eventually both sides ceased fire with the signing of the “Treaty of Paris” in 1856.

In 1857 Albert was honoured for his works, when he became “Prince Consort”.

In the autumn of 1861, Albert stepped in to avert a diplomatic row which was brewing between England and the United states.  It is believed he averted a war between the two countries.

Sadly on the 14thDecember 1861, Albert was struck down and died of typhoid fever and was buried at the Frogmore Mausoleum at Windor.  A monument was erected in his name, and stands in the grounds of Kensington Gardens.

Prince Albert will always be remembered for his deeds in advancing the country out of slums and progressing into a scientific future.

For in 1833, he promoted in speeches for the abolition of slavery, which was abolished throughout the British Empire.

Educational reforms in schools and universities, and he became Chancellor of Cambridge University in 1847.

His biggest achievement has to be the Great Exhibition of Crystal Palace in 1851, one that will always be remembered.

Queen Victoria’s life was torn apart when her beloved Albert died, for the Queen’s grief was overwhelming, and she went into mourning for many years.  For the remaining years of her life she always wore black.

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Hanoverian Princess: Caroline of Brunswick

Caroline of Brunswick
Caroline of Brunswick

Caroline the Princess of Brunswick was born on the 17thMay 1768 in Brunswick, Germany to parents Charles William, the Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbuttel and Princess Augusta of Great Britain, sister of George III.

In 1794, Princess Caroline and George Augustus Frederick were engaged.  On the 8thApril 1795, they were married at the Chapel Royal, St.James Palace.  She would never be crowned Queen of England though.

On his wedding night, George was so drunk, that he fell into the bedroom grate, and Caroline out of disgust left him there.

Neither liked the other, but for George it meant, Parliament would clear his debts and increase his allowance.

In fact the marriage was illegal, as George had married Maria Fitzherbert in secret, violating the Royal Marriages Act of 1772.

Caroline bor George a legitimate child; Princess Charlotte Augusta at Carlton House on the 7thJanuary 1796.  George replied by making a new will, leaving all his property to my wife; Maria Fitzherbert, and to Caroline the sum of one shilling.

George rejected his wife, and sent her a note, informing her she could do what she liked, as he had no intentions of having any relations with her again.

Caroline, wife of the future King of England, took it to mean she was free to do as she liked.

Rejected by her husband, she moved to Blackheath, and was given to sexual dancing in front of her guests.

In 1806, rumours abounded, that William Austin a four year-old boy, who lived with her, was her son, and the father was her footman.  A Royal Commission; “Delicate Investigation” was to prove the rumour was without substance.

In 1814, Caroline left England, much to the delight of George.  In Geneva she danced naked to the waist, and whilst in Naples, became the mistress of King Joachim, brother-in-law of Napoleon Bonaparte.

In January of 1820, King George III died, and was succeeded by George IV her husband, making her Queen.

The English government offered her the sum of £50,000 to stay out of England, and not claim her rightful place as Queen.  She rejected the offer, returning to England and took up residence in Hammersmith, she would prove an embarrassment to George and Parliament.

On the 17thAugust 1820, she was summoned to appear before the House of Lords, an attempt by George to dissolve the marriage.  After 52 days the divorce case was dropped.  Could it have been Lord Brougham her defence lawyer, or the fact she was popular with the English people, which led to the case being dropped.

King George’s coronation took place on the 29thApril 1821.  The Prime Minister informed Caroline, she would play no active part.

On the day of the coronation, when Caroline arrived at the doors of Westminster Abbey, they were firmly shut in her face.

On the 7thAugust 1821 Caroline died at her home, and was buried at Brunswick Cathedral. The words inscribed upon her coffin: “CAROLINE THE INJURED QUEEN OF ENGLAND.”

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Norman Queen: Matilda of England

Queen Matilda of Scotland
Edith of Scotland who would become Queen Matilda of England

Edith of Scotland was born at Dumferline in 1080.  Her father was Malcolm III King of the Scots, her mother Margaret Atheling, daughter of Edward Atheling of the ancient Saxon House of Wessex.  At the christening of Edith, Robert Curthose, son of William the Conqueror was her godfather, and Queen Matilda of Flanders, William’s wife, her godmother.

Edith was educated at Romsey and Wilton Abbey, where she was trained in English, French and Latin, languages to help her in later life.

In 1068, Edgar Atheling joined forces with Earls Edwin and Morcat against William’s rule… This proved a bad move in the long term, as they were forced to flee their lands, for fear of their lives.

Storms drove their ships towards the Scottish coast, and they were welcomed by the court of King Malcolm of Canmore.  This Saxon princess, that graced his court, and the prospect of an alliance with an Ancient Anglo-Saxon royal house was a tempting thought.  By the end of 1070, they were married.

Edith had been betrothed to Alan Rufus, Lord of Richmond in 1093.  A row erupted between her father and William Rufus, and the then King of England on Cumbria and Lothian boundaries.

William Rufus, drove the Scots to the north of Solway, then invited the Scottish King for talks at Gloucester.

Malcolm III King of the Scots was insulted by the English King who refused to receive him.  This insult led to Malcolm III riding with his Scottish Army on the lands of Northumbria.

On the 13th November 1093, Malcolm III was struck in the eye by a lance, while accepting the keys in surrender of Castle Alnwick.  He died as did his son Edward.

Donald Base Malcolm’s brother seized the throne of Scotland.

Within three day’s Queen Margaret had died and Edith was now an orphan.

In August of 1100, William Rufus died, and the English throne was seized by brother Henry: King Henry I.

Henry made no secret of it, he wished to marry Edith, for he had been attracted to her from a distance.  Henry needed a bride with an ancient Saxon blood line, which would increase his popularity.

This Scottish princess had grown up in a convent, and questions were asked whether she had taken her vows as a Nun.  Edith testified she had been at the Abbey for educational purposes, and the Archbishop of Anselm confirmed she was not a Nun and approved the marriage of Edith and Henry.

On the 11th November 1100 Edith and Henry were married at Westminster Abbey by Archbishop Anselm of Canterbury Cathedral.  She was given a Norman name; Queen Matilda of England.

Their marriage proved a success, as relations with Scotland improved, and she became his Regent during his periods of absence.

Was it what she learnt at the Abbey or the saintly attitude she gleamed from her mother, she devoted herself to doing good causes, even washing the feet of the poor … as Jesus did.

Her husband Henry I was an active adulterer and believed to have fathered twenty children from a string of mistresses.

Queen Matilda died on the 1st May 1118 at Westminster Palace and was buried at Westminster Abbey.

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Tower’s Ghosts: The Young Princes

Young Princes

One mystery that has never been solved has to be the disappearance and highly probable murder of the two young princes: Edward and Richard in 1483.

Here are the facts, for you to make up your own opinion of what happened to them:

When King Edward IV died in 1483, the throne should have gone to his son, Edward V, with Edward’s brother, Richard, Duke of Gloucester as his Protector, until Edward V could rule.

Within three months, Richard Duke of Gloucester had convinced Parliament to rule the young princes as illegitimate, for they were actually his other brother’s children, The Duke of Clarence, who was executed privately for treason.

This proved to be enough evidence and Parliament conferred him to be the rightful heir to the English Throne, making him King Richard III.

King Richard’s reign had been overshadowed by the threat of a Tudor invasion.  It was in August 1485 they landed, and both armies clashed on Boswoth Field, where he was slain in the battle. His time as King was short lived.

So the obvious question that is asked by so many.  Did he kill the two young princes, or did he order their execution.

Which ever way we look at it, Prince Edward V, stood in his way of him becoming King of England.  Once they were both declared illegitimate he couldn’t have them around, for he did not know what trouble they could cause in later years, and what supporter’s they had.

The Tower of London, like so many other historical buildings has its own collection of ghosts roaming the corridors.

According to the definition of what a ghost actually is.  The soul is not able to rest in peace and they remain in old but familiar places.  It could be caused by the brutal way in which they died, for that reason they are unable to pass from this world to the next.

According to one account by guards in the latter part of the 15th century.  Two small figures were spotted gliding down the tower stairs, and believed to be none other than the two young princes… Prince Edward V and his brother Prince Richard, Duke of York.

In 1674 workmen found a chest that contained the skeletons of two young children, they were thought to be the remains of the young princes, and were given a royal burial not long afterwards.

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