Science tells us all living creatures are composed of cells, with the capacity to reproduce itself. All living things have the right to be born, but survival of the species, is another matter. Survival, involved constant changes in the species, through genetic changes.
Early monkeys from the rainforests of Africa, dating back some thirty million years have barely changed… living in trees and standing on four limbs.
Another form of monkey existed with longer arms for food gathering and swinging through trees, they belonged to a new category; Apes.
Around fifteen million BC, Earth’s climate underwent a climate change and became seasonal. Fruit in forests became sparse in certain times, forcing monkeys and apes to leave their habitat in search of food.
Ramapithecus, the Rama-ape, successfully adapted to life outside the forest. Their fossilized remains can be found in the foothills of the Himalayas.
The Australopithecines or Southern Apes lived between five million and one million BC, and fossil remains found in Africa, showed that these bipedal apes, were different from their ancestors.
The spine no longer hunched, shorter pelvis by design, hip joints modified, allowing legs to lie in line with the backbone. The species were much taller, up to 1.5 metres in height and weighing in at seventy kilos.
As the Australopithecines were fading out of existence, around two to three million BC, a new creature had arrived… He was man, the world’s first Homo; man and grass eater with a fifty per cent larger brain.
This was Homo Habilis, whose fossilized remains have been discovered at Olduvai in East Africa. He had the ability to create tools for hunting, by splitting of rocks and cutting up animal carcasses.
Somewhere along their road of evolution, they discovered how to create and use fire.
Come 300,000 BC, they still retained their original facial image associated with that of an Ape, and classified as “archaic Homo sapiens” and evolved into modern man. European Homo sapiens by 100,000 BC became Neanderthal Man and by 30,000 BC disappeared. They left their mark; they conquered the art of tool making.
The next step in evolution, came the Homo sapiens appearing first in South Africa around 100,000 BC, and over the next 70,000 years would replace all previous species of hominid, world-wide. They had the ability to produce sound.
Changes came about around 30,000 BC. No longer did nature shape mankind’s development but mankind stepped out and started shaping nature’s development.