According to historical accounts, a bright comet, shot across the skyline of London in the winter of 1664… Fear abounded, questioning what events were to take place.
17thcentury London was much different, than we see it today. It was surrounded by a city wall, and gates located at; Ludgate, Newgate, Moorgate, Bishopsgate, Aldersgate and Cripplegate, which covered an area of some four-hundred and fifty acres.
Property varied from large houses with many servants, to town houses, and timbered framed Tudor styled houses and tenement styled properties to house the poor of that time.
Sanitation … what sanitation! For they had open drains, you have to remember sewers did not come into use, until the 19thcentury. Sewage, rubbish and slops were tossed into the streets.
London was overcrowded as pedestrians and horse-drawn hackney carriages fought their way along roads.
Shanty towns were built outside the city walls, they consisted of wooden shacks, and sanitation, did not exist, so it became a breeding ground for diseases. It is believed some 250,000 people resided in these rat-infested slums.
As with many diseases at that time, “Bubonic Plague” was not understood, but feared by many… they would blame the cause on anything from weather, livestock sickness or abnormal animal behaviour.
In 1662 an approximate census, stated that some 384,000 people were believed to be living within the City of London, and by 1665 it had increased to 460,000.
Reports of the Black Death Plague reached the ears of those in England in the early part of the 1660’s.
Ships destined for London from the continent, arriving from the autumn of 1663, were quarantined on Canvey Island for thirty days before travelling up river to London Docks. In May 1664 quarantines were increased to forty days as the continental plague increased.
The first appearance of the Black Death Plague appeared in the English port of Melcombe Regis on the 8thMay 1348. Many died as it ran rampant across England, and subsided in 1350.
The plague did not strike us and go away completely, it returned many times in small outbreaks over the next few centuries.
1361-62, 1369, 1378-83, 1389-93, 1471, 1479-80, 1498, 1535, 1543, 1563 and 1589.
From 1603 “The Bills of Mortality” were published on a regular basis, which showed registered recorded deaths, as a result of the plague.
1603 = 33,347 plague victims.
1625 = 41,313 plague victims.
1640-46 = 11,000 plague victims.
1647 = 3,597 plague victims.
The Great Plague of London, first infested the docklands on the outskirts of London and the parish of St.Giles in the Fields, areas consisting of the poor, living in poor sanitation, and housing. Firstly in December 1664 and then again in February 1665 which totalled up to 400 deaths per week during this period, yet few were officially listed as plague deaths.
Yet quarantine rules were implemented, any house found with infected inhabitants, was sealed shut with them inside.
As the warm weather arrived in May, so the deaths started increasing.
By July 1665, the plague had become rampant in the City of London, and King Charles II, like many other important people, took their families out of the city.
Many poor died from this wretched plague, some from starvation and then thirst caused by the hot summer of that year.
As the number of deaths rose, burial grounds filled quickly … public alarmed by the number of bodies being taken for burial. Streets had become empty, except for carts carrying away the dead bodies.
Some 2,000 were dying at the hottest time of the summer, each and every week, by September the number had risen to 7,000 per week and the plague was well out of control.
By late autumn, the death toll started dropping and by February 1666, it was deemed safe for the King to return to London.
The occasional plague death, continued until the summer of 1666, and the last officially recorded death from the plague was registered in 1679.
The estimated death rate of the London plague is believed to have reached some 200,000 souls.
The Great Plague of London affected the poor, as they had nowhere else to go…
The plague may have died… more than likely just dormant, so we should be on our guard in case it should return.